70 | 2011
A l'entorn del Calvinisme de Bearn de Fondeville — Varia
This issue is devoted to a text written in Occitan (Bearn), dated to the end of the 17th century, the Calvinisme de Bearn divisat en siex ecloges by Jean-Henri Fondeville (ca. 1638-1705).This first part is followed by two articles, one on the Portuguese community in Luxembourg and the other on the algerianisation of French.
A l'entorn del Calvinisme de Bearn de Fondeville
This issue is devoted to a text written in Occitan (Bearn), dated to the end of the 17th century, which could be interpreted in many ways. The Calvinisme de Bearn divisat en siex ecloges is composed as a long dialogue, in the form of 2622 alexandrines, between several characters who talk of the Revocation of the Edict of Nantes in 1685. The author, Jean-Henri Fondeville (ca. 1638-1705), is a member of a protestant family converted to catholicism. His stance seems to be in favour of the Revocation but is somewhat ambiguous. The questions of genre and purpose of the text are particularly problematical: is this a poem, written to be read aloud, or rather a play, directed at a recently converted population? The use of Occitan (béarnais) at a time when the elite classes tended to use French more and more, could suggest a social orientation towards mixed circles that were not accustomed to the French language. From an historical point of view, the Calvinisme de Bearn offers a precious window into the juxtaposition of catholic and protestant communities at a key moment in the relationship between the two faiths.